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Message started by cromwell on Jul 11th, 2010, 1:47pm

Title: On This Day
Post by cromwell on Jul 11th, 2010, 1:47pm

1991: Anti-poll tax MP jailed
Labour MP Terry Fields is sentenced to 60 days in prison for refusing to pay his poll tax.
1979: Skylab tumbles back to Earth
The space laboratory, Skylab I, plunges to Earth scattering debris across the southern Indian Ocean and the sparsely populated Australian desert.
1995: Serbs overrun UN 'safe haven'
The Bosnian Serb army seizes control of the United Nations "safe area" of Srebrenica after Dutch peacekeepers are forced to withdraw.

Title: Re: On This Day
Post by cromwell on Jul 12th, 2010, 4:29pm

1990: Yeltsin resignation splits Soviet Communists

Boris Yeltsin resigns from the Soviet Communist Party, bringing the radical-conservative split into the open.

Title: Re: On This Day
Post by cromwell on Jul 13th, 2010, 11:54am

1985: Live Aid makes millions for Africa

The Live Aid concert for the starving in Africa, the world's biggest rock festival held in London and Philadelphia, raises £30m.

Title: Re: On This Day
Post by cromwell on Jul 14th, 2010, 12:18pm

1958: Coup in Iraq sparks jitters in Middle East

A military revolt in Iraq overthrows the monarchy and prompts King Hussein of Jordan to call for British and US military help to avert a similar rebellion in his country.

Title: Re: On This Day
Post by cromwell on Jul 15th, 2010, 5:00pm

1966: Euston staff 'colour bar' ended

A West Indian refused a job at Euston Station will now be employed there after managers overturn a ban on black workers.

Title: Re: On This Day
Post by cromwell on Jul 16th, 2010, 5:49pm

1969: Apollo 11 takes off for the Moon

The Apollo 11 space rocket takes off from Cape Kennedy at the start of the first attempt to land a man on the Moon.

Title: Re: On This Day
Post by cromwell on Jul 17th, 2010, 4:50pm

1976: African countries boycott Olympics

The opening ceremony of the 21st Olympic games in Montreal is marred by the withdrawal of 25 African countries.

Title: Re: On This Day
Post by cromwell on Jul 19th, 2010, 12:06pm

1965: S Korea's first president dies in exile

The former leader of the Republic of South Korea, Syngman Rhee, has died in exile in the US state of Hawaii at the age of 90.

Title: Re: On This Day
Post by cromwell on Jul 19th, 2010, 8:13pm

One of China's biggest ports has been closed after two pipeline explosions triggered a major oil spill.

Dramatic pictures showed firefighters tackling the huge blaze at PetroChina's Dalian port - and the aftermath of the blast as tons of oil lapped onto the shore.

Official estimates say around 1,500 tons of oil have spilled into the sea, causing a 71 sq mile slick.

Title: Re: On This Day
Post by cromwell on Jul 20th, 2010, 12:54pm

1974: Turkey invades Cyprus

Thousands of Turkish troops invade northern Cyprus after last-minute talks in the Greek capital, Athens, fail to reach a solution.

Title: Re: On This Day
Post by cromwell on Jul 30th, 2010, 8:30pm

1966: Football glory for England

England win football's World Cup for the first time since the tournament began in 1930.

Title: Re: On This Day
Post by cromwell on Aug 1st, 2010, 5:37pm

1944: Uprising to free Warsaw begins

The Polish Underground Army begins battle to liberate Warsaw, the first European city to fall to the Germans.

Title: Re: On This Day
Post by cromwell on Aug 14th, 2010, 1:53pm

1969: British troops sent into Northern Ireland

The British Government has sent troops into Northern Ireland in what it says is a "limited operation" to restore law and order. It follows three days and two nights of violence in the mainly-Catholic Bogside area of Londonderry. Trouble has also erupted in Belfast and other towns across Northern Ireland.

It also comes after a speech by the Prime Minister of the Irish Republic, Jack Lynch, regarded by many as "outrageous interference" in which he called for a United Nations peacekeeping force to be sent to the province.

He also called for Anglo-Irish talks on the future of Northern Ireland. The Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, Major James Chichester-Clark, responded by saying neighbourly relations with the Republic were at an end and that British troops were being called in.

The British Home Secretary James Callaghan was in a plane on his way to talks with Prime Minister Harold Wilson in Cornwall when he received a radio-telephone call asking for troops to be deployed.

Shortly after 1700 hours local time, 300 troops from the 1st Battalion, Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire, occupied the centre of Londonderry, replacing the exhausted police officers who had been patrolling the cordons around the Bogside.

The arrival of the British troops was greeted with cheering and singing from behind the barricades in the Roman Catholic area of Londonderry. They were chanting: "We've won, we've won. We've brought down the government."

The trouble began three days ago during the annual Apprentice Boys march, which marks the 13 boy supporters of William of Orange who defended Londonderry against the forces of the Catholic King James II in 1688.

The Royal Ulster Constabulary were forced to use tear gas - for the first time in their history - to try to bring the rioting under control.

But tensions mounted with the mobilisation of the B Specials. The special constables, who are armed and mostly part-time, were supposed to help the RUC restore order - but they are regarded with deep suspicion by the Roman Catholics.

On the streets of Belfast, the appearance of the B Specials led to an escalation in the violence while the special constables reportedly stood by and watched,

Title: Re: On This Day
Post by cromwell on Oct 6th, 2010, 4:37pm

1973: Arab states attack Israeli forces

Heavy fighting has erupted between Arab and Israeli forces along two fronts.
To the south, Egyptian armoured forces have broken the Israeli line on the eastern bank of the Suez Canal.

In the north, Syrian troops and tanks are battling with Israeli defences along the Golan Heights seized by Israel from Syria in 1967.

Both sides have accused each other of firing the first shots, but UN observers have reported seeing Egyptian and Syrian troops crossing into Israeli-held territory.

Israeli defence minister, General Moshe Dayan has told the nation in a televised address: "We must realise this is war. We are engaged in heavy battles on both fronts against numerically superior forces."

Yom Kippur

The attacks have come on the Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur, and the holiest day in the Jewish calendar.

Most Jews had been observing strict religious rules of fasting and prayer, but with the outbreak of fighting, Israel's civilian reserve force is now rushing to mobilise.

The heaviest fighting has been reported along the Suez Canal and the adjoining Sinai peninsula, seized by the Israelis from Egypt in 1967.

Israel's Prime Minister, Mrs. Golda Meir, claimed in a radio address that heavy losses have been inflicted on both Egypt and Syria.

But an Egyptian military communiqué has stated the Canal is now almost entirely under their control.

Damascus radio said Syrian forces on the northern frontier have captured Israeli positions on the Golan Heights, notably Mount Hermon.

But the claims are being countered by the Israelis, who say the situation in the border region remains "adequate".

Israel is outnumbered three to two in immediately available man-power, three to two in tanks and two to one in combat aircraft against the combined forces of Egypt and Syria.

British Foreign Office officials say there is a risk neighbouring countries may become involved.

Algeria, Libya, Kuwait, Jordan and the Lebanon have all pledged their support for the Arab offensive.

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